Entdecken Sie Tourismus in Las Vegas (USA) -> Touristische Informationen -> Beliebte Reiseziele und aktuelle Nachrichten. Las Vegas ist die Unterhaltungsmetropole im US-Bundesstaat Nevada. Fantastische Hotels, Attraktionen und Shows laden Urlauber zu einem Besuch ein. Zum Wochenende steigen die Preise meist um über Prozent. Empfehlenswert ist das Orleans, 1 Meile westlich vom Strip. Bucht am besten ein Zimmer.
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Manuale la Wikimanuale. Resurse de studiu la Wikiversitate. United States Census Bureau But Wall Street is far more than a location—it has been adopted as a term to describe all U.
It has been portrayed Founded by the French, ruled for 40 years by the Spanish and bought by the United States Philadelphia, a city in Pennsylvania whose name means City of Brotherly Love, was originally settled by Native American tribes, particularly the Lenape hunter gatherers, around B.
By the early s, Dutch, English and Swedish merchants had established trading posts in the Settled by the English in , South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the U.
Live TV. This Day In History. HISTORY Podcasts. History at Home. In , the Moulin Rouge Hotel opened and became the first racially integrated casino-hotel in Las Vegas.
The iconic " Welcome to Las Vegas " sign, which has never been located within municipal limits, was created in by Betty Willis. During the s, corporations and business tycoons such as Howard Hughes were building and buying hotel-casino properties.
Gambling was referred to as "gaming", which transitioned it into a legitimate business. The year marked the opening of the Fremont Street Experience , in Las Vegas's downtown area.
This canopied five-block area features Due to the realization of many revitalization efforts, was dubbed "The Year of Downtown.
Las Vegas is situated within Clark County , in a basin on the floor of the Mojave Desert ,  and is surrounded by mountain ranges on all sides.
Much of the landscape is rocky and arid, with desert vegetation and wildlife. It can be subjected to torrential flash floods, although much has been done to mitigate the effects of flash floods through improved drainage systems.
According to the United States Census Bureau , the city has a total area of After Alaska and California, Nevada is the third most seismically active state in the U.
Within the city, there are many lawns, trees and other greenery. Due to water resource issues, there has been a movement to encourage xeriscapes.
Another part of conservation efforts is scheduled watering days for residential landscaping. Environmental Protection Agency grant in funded a program that analyzed and forecast growth and environmental impacts through the year Las Vegas has a subtropical hot desert climate Köppen climate classification : BWh , typical of the Mojave Desert in which it lies.
This climate is typified by long, extremely hot summers; warm transitional seasons; and short winters with mild days and cool nights.
The summer months of June through September are extremely hot, though moderated by extremely low humidity. July is the hottest month, with an average daytime high of The window of opportunity for the monsoon to affect Las Vegas usually falls between July and August, although this is inconsistent and varies considerably in its impact from year to year.
Las Vegas winters are short and generally very mild, with chilly but rarely cold daytime temperatures.
Like all seasons, sunshine is abundant. December is both the year's coolest and cloudiest month, with an average daytime high of Owing to its elevation that ranges from 2, feet to 3, feet, Las Vegas experiences markedly cooler winters than other areas of the Mojave Desert and the adjacent Sonoran Desert that are closer to sea level.
Consequently, the city records freezing temperatures an average of 16 nights per winter. The mountains immediately surrounding the Las Vegas Valley accumulate snow every winter, but significant accumulation within the city is rare, although moderate accumulations do occur every few years.
The most recent accumulations occurred on February 18, when parts of the city received about 1 to 2 inches 2.
According to the Census , the racial composition of Las Vegas was as follows: . The city's most populous ethnic group, non-Hispanic Whites,  have proportionally declined from Hispanics or Latinos of any race make up Of those According to research by demographer William H.
Frey , using data from the United States Census , Las Vegas has the second lowest level of black-white segregation of any of the largest metropolitan areas in the United States, after Tucson, Arizona.
Hawaiians and Las Vegans alike sometimes refer to Las Vegas as the "ninth island of Hawaii " because so many Hawaiians have moved to the city.
The census showed the city contained , people, , households, and , families residing. There were , housing units at an average density of 1, As of , there were , households, of which The average household size was 2.
The median age was 34 years. For every females, there were For every females age 18 and over, there were About 6. According to a study, Las Vegas has one of the highest divorce rates.
Since divorce is easier in Nevada than most other states, many people come from across the country for the easier process.
Similarly, Nevada marriages are notoriously easy to get. Las Vegas has one of the highest marriage rates of U. The primary drivers of the Las Vegas economy are tourism, gaming and conventions, which in turn feed the retail and restaurant industries.
The major attractions in Las Vegas are the casinos and the hotels, although in recent years other new attractions have begun to emerge.
Most casinos in the downtown area are located on Fremont Street , with The Stratosphere as one of the few exceptions. Fremont East , adjacent to the Fremont Street Experience, was granted variances to allow bars to be closer together, similar to the Gaslamp Quarter of San Diego, the goal being to attract a different demographic than the Strip attracts.
The Golden Gate Hotel and Casino , located downtown along the Fremont Street Experience, is the oldest continuously operating hotel and casino in Las Vegas; it opened in as the Hotel Nevada.
The year marked the opening of the Northern Club now the La Bayou. The Four Queens also operates downtown along the Fremont Street Experience.
The center of the gambling and entertainment industry is located on the Las Vegas Strip , outside the city limits in the surrounding unincorporated communities of Paradise and Winchester in Clark County.
The largest and most notable casinos and buildings are located there. When The Mirage opened in , it started a trend of major resort development on the Las Vegas Strip outside of the city.
This resulted in a drop in tourism in the downtown area, but many recent projects have increased the number of visitors to downtown.
An effort has been made by city officials to diversify the economy by attracting health-related, high-tech and other commercial interests.
No state tax for individuals or corporations, as well as a lack of other forms of business-related taxes, have aided the success of these efforts.
The Fremont Street Experience was built in an effort to draw tourists back to the area, and has been popular since its startup in In , Las Vegas Mayor Oscar Goodman announced plans for Symphony Park , which could include a mixture of offerings, such as residential space and office buildings.
Already operating in Symphony Park is the Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health opened in , The Smith Center for the Performing Arts opened in and the DISCOVERY Children's Museum opened in On land across from Symphony Park, the World Market Center Las Vegas opened in It currently encompasses three large buildings with a total of 5.
Trade shows for the furniture and furnishing industries are held there semiannually. Also located nearby is the Las Vegas North Premium Outlets.
With a second expansion, completed in May , the mall currently offers stores. City offices moved to a new Las Vegas City Hall in February on downtown's Main Street.
The former City Hall building is now occupied by the corporate headquarters for the major online retailer, Zappos.
A number of new industries have moved to Las Vegas in recent decades. Online shoe retailer Zappos. Allegiant Air , a low-cost air carrier, launched in with its first hub at McCarran International Airport and headquarters in nearby Summerlin.
A growing population means the Las Vegas Valley used 1. Although water conservation efforts implemented in the wake of a drought have had some success, local water consumption remains 30 percent more than in Los Angeles, and over three times that of San Francisco metropolitan area residents.
By law, the Las Vegas Water Service District "may deny any request for a water commitment or request for a water connection if the District has an inadequate supply of water.
The city is home to several museums, including the Neon Museum the location for many of the historical signs from Las Vegas's midth century heyday , The Mob Museum , the Las Vegas Natural History Museum , the DISCOVERY Children's Museum, the Nevada State Museum and the Old Las Vegas Mormon State Historic Park.
Las Vegas also saw other billion-dollar-plus buildings constructed by rivals Steve Wynn, who built the luxurious Bellagio, and Sheldon Adelson, who constructed the spectacularly themed Venetian almost directly across the street from the Bellagio.
Theming, too, became the principal means of distinguishing one prodigious project from another: New York — New York simulated Manhattan; the Paris Hotel and Casino simulated Paris; the Venetian reproduced a Hollywood set simulation of Venice, Italy, that included a version of its famous canals; the Luxor simulated a Hollywood version of ancient Egypt; the Excalibur simulated King Arthur 's England.
The Las Vegas region is a pastiche of tourist attractions that operate seven days a week, twenty-four hours a day.
Destinations continually reinvent themselves according to shifting market needs. During the economic slump in the early s, for example, some casinos countered the "Sin City" image by transforming themselves into family-oriented destinations.
Soon after, the MGM Grand opened with a thirty-three-acre theme park featuring amusement rides and Universal Studios—style Hollywood back-lot attractions.
As the economy picked up and the dot. So-called "fine dining," dance clubs, even art exhibits such as the multimillion-dollar collection once viewable at Steve Wynn's Bellagio were added to the mix.
The old Sahara Hotel was renovated to include a NASCAR theme to attract auto racing enthusiasts, and top entertainers from around the world, such as Celine Dion , were ensconced in showrooms that catered to the "after-hours" crowds, while golfing remained as popular as ever and available on several new PGA-approved courses.
There is, of course, a downside to the Las Vegas experience. Family assets are lost at the gambling tables. Children are told to hang out at video arcades by neglectful parents intent on spending hours gambling; in the late s, at least one such child was murdered in a horrific case that drew national headlines.
Despite over a decade of living under the specter of AIDS, prostitution and the sex trade in general flourish in and around the city.
Las Vegas has the highest suicide rate in the country and the highest high school dropout rate. Its environmental concerns include waste from nuclear explosions in nearby Yucca Flats, poor air quality due to automobile smog, extensive pesticide and fertilizer use that threatens the quality of the water supply , cigarette smoke hazards in the casinos, and the general encouragement by resort operators of excessive eating, drinking, and gambling.
Despite these problems, Las Vegas remains, after Orlando, Florida, the most successful tourist destination in the United States.
Furthermore, unlike other places, it stands apart as a cultural experience that does not mirror our mundane, everyday tastes in fantasy forms, such as Disneyworld, but, instead, celebrates what we know is usually forbidden—especially the risk taking and often reckless activity of legalized gambling.
See also: Atlantic City , Card Games , Commercialization of Leisure , Gambling. Bowers, Michael Wayne. The Sagebrush State: Nevada's History, Government, and Politics.
Las Vegas: University of Nevada Press, Goodman, Robert. The Luck Business: The Devastating Consequences and Broken Promises of America's Gambling Explosion.
New York: The Free Press, Gottdiener, Mark, et al. Las Vegas: The Social Production of an All-American City.
Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, Hess, Alan. Viva Las Vegas: After-hours Architecture. San Francisco : Chronicle Books, Moehring, Eugene P.
Resort City in the Sunbelt: Las Vegas Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. December 22, Retrieved December 22, from Encyclopedia.
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The evolution of Las Vegas, Nevada, is one of the most intriguing of any city in the United States. Desert oasis and water and electricity supplier for most of the Southwest, and a legendary gambler's paradise that is one of the world's most tantalizing and popular vacation spots, the city is most famously cast in the spuriously glamorous image of the Mafia.
As such, it has come to color the vocabulary of popular culture through countless novels, movies, and television dramas. Surrounded by the Mojave Desert and flanked by mountain ranges, Las Vegas came of age in the shadow of the post- World War II American Dream, a shining example of excess as success, whose neon-lit casino strip glows on the horizon—a beacon attracting thousands of folk eager to try their luck.
An adult Disneyland in southwestern Nevada, this dusty tinsel town effuses Old West history while raking in the house winnings, and is reviled as often as it is romanticized for the glorious vice hidden in its stark desert landscape.
In , Antonio Armijo, traveling to Los Angeles , attempted to shorten the route by going through the desert instead of around it.
While traversing the Old Spanish Trail, he discovered water and named the site Las Vegas—"The Meadows. Fremont, an explorer after whom much of downtown Las Vegas came to be named.
Ten years later, Brigham Young sent Mormon missionaries from Salt Lake City to colonize the Las Vegas Valley. They built an adobe fort and began converting the local Paiute Indians, but desert life soon proved too harsh for them and they abandoned their outpost in Nevada became a state in , but it was not until , as America expanded its borders from "sea to shining sea," that Las Vegas saw significant activity.
That was the year when the San Pedro- Los Angeles -Salt Lake Railroad began laying track through the valley. The company bought up prime land and water rights from the remaining homesteaders and operated a dusty watering stop that soon attracted the development of hotels, saloons, a few thousand residents, and the inevitable red-light district.
Any further expansion, such as it was, remained slow until when the Boulder Dam Project Act, an attempt to tame and harness the raging Colorado River, was signed into law.
When construction of the dam began in , however, Governor Fred Balzar also approved a "wide open" gambling bill proposed by rancher and Assemblyman Phil Tobia.
Though gambling had long been around in Las Vegas, it had been outlawed several times, and Tobia maintained that regulation of the pastime would increase tourism and boost the state's economy.
Thus, gambling was made permanently legal in all of Nevada except for one place—Boulder City. It was the height of the Great Depression and Hoover, anxious to ensure a return on his investment, feared that such distractions as gambling and prostitution would undermine the progress of the thousands of workers flooding the valley to work on the dam.
The Federal government, therefore, founded the casino and brothel-free Boulder City, specifically to cater for this influx of residents. By the time the Hoover Dam was completed in the economy in southern Nevada was booming.
Many of the workers put down roots in the area, and the dam now provided a seemingly endless supply of water and electricity for Nevada and its surrounding four states.
The onset of World War II brought further prosperity to the region when pilots and gunners came to train at the Las Vegas Aerial Gunnery School, which would later become Nellis Air Force Base and the Nevada Test Site.
In , Las Vegas boasted only a handful of luxury hotels and small but successful casinos. That year, however, Thomas Hull opened El Rancho, just off Highway 91 on the road to Los Angeles.
With a Western motif, a hundred rooms, a large swimming pool, and massive parking lots, El Rancho was the model for the modern casino and it opened to almost immediate success.
Later that year, the Last Frontier Hotel opened just up the road and the famous Las Vegas Strip was born.
In , Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel, a New York City mob boss protecting interests on the West Coast, recognized the vast potential for organized crime in Las Vegas.
Taking advantage of cheap land, legalized gambling, and—initially, at least—friendly police relations, Bugsy Siegel began spending vast amounts of money on building the lavish Fabulous Flamingo casino, which ushered in the neon era that came to characterize Vegas night life.
The situation led to mob dissension, and Siegel was killed six months later in a gangland hit. Ironically, business at the casino boomed thereafter, especially as tourists flocked to see the Fabulous Flamingo, the house that Bugsy built.
Many other gangsters followed Siegel's lead, and several grand casinos sprang up on the strip, well known among them the Horseshoe, Sands, Sahara, Riviera, and Tropicana.
Each was bigger and brighter than the last, sporting gigantic pools, thousands of rooms, and garish neon signs. Nobody in America would or could lift a finger to halt the millions of dollars in laundered money that poured into the desert town in the s, while ever-increasing numbers of celebrities, big spenders, and high rollers enjoyed rubbing elbows in this Mecca of gambling and organized crime.
Eventually, the Federal government began weeding out the more visible troublemakers and kingpins, and by the s there was a balance of East Coast payola skimmers and wealthy influential ranchers wielding power in Las Vegas.
Though neither a gambler nor connected to the mob, the eccentric Hughes was holed up in a Vegas casino at the time, enjoying the creature comforts.
When asked to leave by the gangster who owned the place and who wanted to rent the suite out to real gamblers, Hughes found the solution to his financial dilemma: he bought the casino, then went on a spree, snapping up several other hotels, the airport, and much prime real estate.
Overnight, Las Vegas became largely the property of a reputable businessman and began to take on a more positive, corporate image, attracting serious jet-setting gamblers and corporate financial investors.
In , Hilton became the first hotel chain to establish a branch in Las Vegas, and later Ramada, Holiday Inns, Hyatt, and, notably, MGM—with its monumental MGM Grand—followed suit.
The s brought a lull in tourism due to the legalization of gambling in Atlantic City , New Jersey. That city's own burgeoning, mob-supported casino strip, plus the effects of recession in the early s, discouraged middle class Americans from journeying to the extravagance of a glitzy weekend at the gaming tables in the desert.
But the city recovered, establishing itself as an international vacation spot for honeymooners after a quick marriage in one of hundreds of theme chapels , a winter getaway, or a family destination providing scenic Southwest landscapes along with star-studded entertainment and safe, low-stakes gaming.
By the s there were over 35, hotel rooms in Las Vegas, and over , permanent residents. Rooms cost between 50 and 90 percent less than in any other major city and restaurants were cheap and plentiful, thus encouraging visitors to spend more time in the casinos where the house makes its most money—profits that are ultimately plowed back into the ever-growing community.
The Nevada Gaming Commission and the FBI keep close tabs on this new breed of casino, and, supposedly, little mob involvement remains in Las Vegas.
Ironically, acquiring "comps"—perks such as free drinks or limousine rides for heavy gambling—has become a status symbol among the nouveau-riche at which they are aimed, rather than a show of respect from the house, yet the city takes in billions of dollars annually, supported by the many needs of its visitors, residents, and the surrounding states.
Balboni, Alan Richard. Beyond the Mafia: Italian Americans and the Development of Las Vegas. Reno, University of Nevada Press, Berman, Susan.
Lady Las Vegas: The Inside Story Behind America's Neon Oasis. New York , TV Books, Land, Barbara, and Myrick Land.
A Short History of Las Vegas. McCracken, Robert D. Las Vegas: The Great American Playground. Venturi, Robert, Denise Scott Brown, and Steven Izenour.
Learning from Las Vegas: The Forgotten Symbolism of Architectural Form. Cambridge, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture.
Tourism drives the economy in Las Vegas , with 37 million people visiting the city each year. In , 20 percent of all jobs were gaming-related.
Though many miles away, the terrorist attacks of September 11, , had a devastating effect on the Las Vegas economy, costing thousands who worked in the entertainment and service industries their jobs in the weeks following.
While the city had mostly recovered by , other problems had set in, namely difficulties in drawing tourists to the other aspects of the city, in particular the downtown area.
Developments in and are helping to revitalize the downtown economy. Constant population growth means that the housing construction industry is vitally important.
In more than 21, new homes and 26, resale homes were purchased; more than one third of Las Vegas homes are only five years old or less.
In early there were 20 residential development projects of more than acres each currently underway. While the entertainment and service industries are, collectively, the largest employers in Las Vegas, the major single employer is the Clark County School District.
To encourage industrial development, the Las Vegas business community works in cooperation with the state of Nevada to provide various incentives through minimal taxation, vocational training programs, no-cost site location services, special loan plans, and limited liability protection.
The city is a foreign trade zone, making it an attractive foreign business destination. In addition to Nevada's lenient tax structure, the state offers several programs to entice new business.
Several tax abatement and tax deferral programs exist, as well as renewable energy abatements, industrial development bonds, global trade program, community development block grants, and others.
The Nevada Department of Employment, Training, and Rehabilitation offers job training programs to both employers and job seekers, including applicant recruitment and screening, tax credit benefits, training programs and career enhancement programs, and labor market information.
The Train Employees Now TEN program, administered by the State of Nevada Commission on Economic Development, helps new and expanding firms by providing intensive skills-based training programs tailored to the company's needs.Las Vegas. The evolution of Las Vegas, Nevada, is one of the most intriguing of any city in the United naasmusicschool.com oasis and water and electricity supplier for most of the Southwest, and a legendary gambler's paradise that is one of the world's most tantalizing and popular vacation spots, the city is most famously cast in the spuriously glamorous image of the Mafia. 12/4/ · Las Vegas was founded by ranchers and railroad workers but its greatest asset became its casinos. Las Vegas’s embrace of Old West-style freedoms—gambling and prostitution—provided a . Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority. Paradise Road. Las Vegas, NV Click here to return to the Free Publications page.
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